All About Adhik Mas Month and Purushottam maas date 17 June to 16 July 2015

All About Adhik Mas Month  and Purushottam maas date 17 June to 16 July 2015

What is Adhik Maas:

According to the Vasishtha Siddhanta treatise, it is believed that a lunar year is made up of 354 days and the solar year, as scientifically known, comprises of 365 days. Hence, in every solar year and lunar year, there is a gap of 11 days, 1 hour, 31 minutes and 12 seconds. After every three years, this gap becomes approximately a period of a month that is a little more than 30 days. And this extra month is added to the calendar after every three years and is known as the Adhik Maas.

This is exclusively a phenomenon that is associated with the lunar calendar and has no relation with how the solar calendar works. Hence, the states like West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Kerala and Tamil Nadu do not observe this month, as they only follow the solar calendar to observe the movement of the heavenly bodies and thereby determine the special dates and tithis. But in the rest of the states, this lunar calendar is followed to observe the festivals and important dates and the presence of the Adhik Maas is therefore very significant.

Adhik Maas or the Hindu Leap years occurs 4 times in every 11 years or once in every 3 years. It is a typical phenomenon that is based exclusively on the movement of the moon. However, in general terms, the solar calendar is observed where a year consists of 365days. But at the same time, the moon takes 29.5 days to complete its revolution and thus, the total time that it takes to do this, becomes 354 days. This is 11 days shorter than the time of a solar calendar. To bridge this gap, the Adhik Maas is added to the lunar calendar so that there is some kind of an adjustment in the time gap of both these calendars.

 Adhik Maas story or katha:

Adhik Maas or also known as the Purushottam Maas has stories associated with it that date back to the age of Purana. According to the Padma Purana, in the Eastern Hemisphere, where the religious calendar or the lunar calendar is observed as divided into 12 months of each 30 days approximately, once there was the 13th month that came from nowhere and asked for recognition in the calendar. However, all the gods, demigods and human beings refused to observe this month as legitimate and declared not to celebrate any festival or important date or any puja in this month. Hence, the month got its name as Mal Maas.

However, when this female month was deemed as illegitimate, she went to Lord Krishna. She cried to Him and stated her woes and pain of being rejected by everyone. So, Lord Krishna bestowed His blessings and glance upon her and it is because of Him or after Him that the month got the name Purushottam Maas.

Do and Do Not in Adhik Maas:

Adhik Maas is a very sacred month, where people must follow certain strict dos and don’ts. If you want to gain the blessing from the gods and goddesses, it is this time on which you must –

  • Keep yourself clean and stay pure
  • Follow strict fasts throughout
  • Speak the truth all the time
  • Observe a strict celibacy
  • Stay away from any kind of non-vegetarian food and eat only pure vegetarian, satvik food. Strict devotees make sure that they eat only once or take only one meal in the whole day, throughout the month.
  • Read the puranas

However, since this month is considered to be absolutely inauspicious as compared to the other months, there is celebration of any auspicious ceremony or festival like marriage, mundane, annaprashan, naam karan tithi or anything like that. Even simple factors like buying new clothes, buying new house or car or even new jewellery is considered to be extremely unwelcome in this month. As the Adhik Maas is also known as Mal Maas, it is mandatory to maintain some kind of strict restriction from practicing auspicious events in this month.

Any festival or important event that falls in this month is shifted to the previous or the next month. Even strict celibacy is maintained by the devoted followers to make sure that the complete observance of this special month is followed. From the very first day of this month, the devotees start keeping their fast and this continues to the last day of the month, without failing a single day. The rituals that are to be performed, includes waking up in the Brahma Muhurta that is in between 4 am to 6 am. After taking bath and doing the ablutions, the devotees place the idols of Radha Krishna or Laxmi Narayan and worship them with Shodashopachar.

Adhik Maas Vishnu Puja Benefits:

Adhik Maas is a very important period in the lunar calendar. As it is named after Purushottam Himself, performing the religious rituals in this moth will yield to even better results in this month, than in the other months. Performing the Vishnu Puja in this month is a very good deed and it delivers various benefits, if religiously followed and maintain. All the devotees find this period as the best time to penance or repent for their wrongdoings and past sins. However, it is mostly observed in order to get rid of the sins and ask for mercy, but not to ask for materialstic gains. But it is also believed that if one observes this month with complete devotion, he or she will also get the blessings of the lords and will finally accumulate uncounted riches and success in life, without even asking for it.

The mention of this Adhik Maas or Purushottam Maas or Mal Maas is found in various Hindu ancient scriptures and granths. The most popular and known ones amongst them are the Aithreya Brahmana,  Rigveda, Taitreya Samhita, Arthaveda and many more. It is said and believed that if a devotee keeps a fast in the Adhik Maas, it is similar to the potential benefits of 100 yagnas. This will lead the devotee to the path of bliss, metal peace and deliverance from all worldly attachments and helps him or her to attain a complete satisfactory position.

Along with performing the popular rituals of Vishnu puja, in this month, yagya and havan is performed to a great extent with the belief that it will deliver all of the worshippers from the negativities of their lives. Getting Moksh or deliverance from the negativities of their previous lives forever, is what every worshipper desires in through this Vishnu Puja. Performing jaap or reciting the religious mantras and also donating in this month bears good results.

Importance of Adhik Mas Donations and puja:

But there is one very important factor associated with the performance of the Vishnu Puja in this month and that it is done only for divine reasons, and not for anything earthly. If you desire for worldly gains, you will find that your life will turn into even more negativities. That is the reason in this month, there is no Griha Pravesh, marriage, bhumi pujan or mundane or any other kind of holy activities are not performed. Performing the Vishnu puja in the Adhik Maas will lead you to get rid of your sins from past and get divine peace and enormous delight.

Although the calculation of the month its occurrence and placement in the Hindu lunar calendar is a scientific phenomenon, there are too many religious beliefs associated with it. The month holds special place in the hearts of the Hindus with the belief that performing certain rituals in this month will give them the peace of their minds and they will gain Moksh or complete deliverance from the worldly attachments. And for that reason, different religious rituals are performed in Adhik Maas.

Along with having strict fasts throughout the month, having pure vegetarian food only once in a daytime and worshipping Lord Krishna and Radha and Goddess Laxmi and Bhagwan Narayan, there are many other religious performances too. The most important one amongst them is the performance of Graha Dosha rectification puja.

If there has been any dosha or problem in your horoscope, you can always aim for having them repaired and rectified, by performing yagnya and havan in this month. It is believed that this month holds a special place in the Hindu religion and therefore, rectifying your horoscope in this month will give you tremendous positive results that will be more than 10 times better than in any other months. All the tasks that have been delayed and are suffering hindrances, will be cleared with a horoscope rectification yagnya in this month.

Significance of Purushottama Maasam or Adhika Month :

The Purushottam Maas or Adhik Maas is the period in which, you can leave all of your previous sins behind and get a peaceful and pure soul to live your life ahead. To attain this, you must perform strict fasting with or without water and stay away from any kind of personal indulgences. You must eat only pure vegetarian or satvik food. The vrats and fasting should be kept throughout the day with having food only once after the sun sets. But there is one thing that you need to keep in your mind and that is to perform the rituals with wholeheartedness and not out of any enforcement. The purpose is to attain deliverance and Moksh from worldly beings and gain a peaceful state in your present and afterlife.

Performing scriptural reading of the puranas, Bhagvad Gita and other sacred religious texts of Hinduism washes away the sins and delivers the worshipper to a new height of life. All the previous negativities get removed and one gets a peaceful life ahead. Therefore, people who really look for a religious and peaceful life, wait for the Adhik Maas to come and perform the Vishnu Puja and observe fast and other religious activities like jaap, daan and yagya in this month.

This month is a very special one and it holds special significance in every devotee’s life. Although many religious people perform religious practices and anusthans, throughout the year, performing the yagnya and havans in this month is special. Apart from these, it is also very crucial that you recite the hindu scriptures and paths like Shri Ramcharitmanas akhand patha. Srimad Bhagavad Gita patha, Srimad Vishnu Purana patha and Vishnu Sahasranama patha. Even if you recite them throughout the year, reciting them, without failure, everyday in the month of Adhik Maas will make sure that you do not have to worry about any woes and difficulties in your life.

Adhik Maas: When and Why

The Adhik Maas is observed both in the Northern India and the Southern India in the between the time period of mid June to mid July. The reason why the lunar calendar observes the middle of the solar calendar month as the beginning of the lunar month is important. According to the lunar calendar, the Adhik Maas begins in the mid June because the beginning of a lunar month is associated with Purnima or full moon or Amavasya or new moon.

In every lunar month, according to the Hindu lunar calendar, a Surya sankranti occurs. However, after 2 to 3 years, when the Adhik Maas takes place in the lunar calendar, the Surya sankranti does not take place in this extra lunar month. This is an exclusive phenomenon associated with Adhik Maas. The calculation of this month is purely based on the difference that takes place between the solar calendar and the lunar calendar. To compensate this gap, which is of more or less 11 days in every year, leading to a period of a complete month after every 3 years, it is added as a separate month to this lunar calendar.

In the states like Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra, the calculation of the lunar months starts and ends with the new moon or amavasya. However, in all the states of northern India, the calculation of the lunar month starts and ends with the full moon or purnima. The concept of the Surya sankranti or the Surya entering a new rashi or sun sign can be stated as every lunar month has one Surya ingression into a new rashi, but there is only one month where there is no ingression of the Sun or Surya to a new sign and that month is stated as Adhik Maas.

Why Adhik Maas Occurs

The occurrence and the inclusion of the Adhik Maas is not a religious phenomenon, but purely a scientific one. This is because there is a vast difference between the time consumption for the revolution of the Earth around the Sun and the Moon’ revolution. The earth revolves around the Sun in 365.2564 days or to be more specific, in 365 days 6 hours 9 minutes and 12.96 seconds. But the Moon takes 29.5306 days or to be more specific, 29 days 12 hours 44 minutes and 3.84 seconds from one new moon to next new moon. Therefore, in 12 months it becomes 29.5306×12=354.3672 days.

Thus, there is a difference of 11 days in a lunar year and a solar year that can be clearly understood by this equation, 354.3672 days or roughly 354 days subtracted from 365.2564 days or roughly 365 days; that is 365-354 days = 11 days. The fact is that as one lunar month ends after a period of 29.5 days, the solar month still does not end, but persists to continue. And therefore, the next lunar month has to start within the previous or corresponding solar month.

That is the reason, why this difference that is observed in between the solar and lunar calendars, is added as a new month to the lunar calendar, to balance both these calendars. After every three years, the average difference of days becomes 11×3= 33 days are added to the calendar as an extra month. To be more specific, after 32 months, 16 days and 8 Ghadis the lunar calendar gets a new month or the Adhik Maas. The calculation of Ghadis is 1 Ghadi = 24 minutes. It is a unique phenomenon that is exclusive and holds a special significance amongst the Hindus.

Extra Month in Hindu Calendar

The Adhik Maas is known as the extra month in the Hindu calendar or in the lunar calendar. It is not present in the calendar for two years, but is added to the calendar after every two years, on the third year.

Hinduism follows the lunar calendar religiously to celebrate the various important tithis and dates. This lunar calendar is quite unique in its own, in adding a whole new month to its calendar after every three years. This extra month that comes in every three years and is added to the calendar is known as Adhik Maas. This month has many other names as well and they are Mal Maas, Purushottam Maas, Malimmacha and many more.

Basically, after every 32 months or in between the period of second and third year interval, when this extra period of one month occurs, it has to be placed in the Hindu lunar calendar, to compensate the gap. The gap is between the solar calendar and the lunar calendar, in which the solar year completes in 365 days and the lunar year completes in 354 days. But when this month is added, it does not replace or remove any other basic and popular months of Baisakh, Jaishtha, Ashadha, Shravana, Bhadrapad, Ashwin, Kartik, Paush, Magh, Falguna and Chaitra. The month is added as an addition and therefore, it is known as an extra month; hence, called the Adhik Maas. The term ‘Adhik’ means extra in Hindi and Sanskrit languages.

Adhik Maas Significance & Rituals

The significance of the Adhik Maas is associated with Lord Krishna puja as this month is named after Him, as Purushottam Maas. Therefore, people perform various rituals like fasting, jaap and yagya and also perform daan or donation to achieve moksh or liberation from the worldly sins. It is not observed for any earthly celebration like marriage or griha pravesh and if anyone considers or prays in the month for material gains, it impacts negatively upon the worshipper.

How to do Puja in Adhik maas

Performing Vishnu puja in the Adhik Maas is very important and unique. People have to follow strict fasting throughout the day. Stay clean and pure and maintain celibacy and indulge in no kind of indulgences. Reading the religious texts and scared scriptures is a must and the puja should always follow daan, jaap and yagya. Throughout the month, the worshipper should eat satvik or pure vegetarian food.

The performance of puja in this month is solely reserved to the worshiping of Lord Vishnu. No other gods and goddesses are worshipped in this month. In fact, there are no religious and auspicious ceremonies that take place in this month. But as Lord Vishnu is the most important God amongst all, He is worshipped with much care. The worshipper must wake up early in the morning, and after ablutions, perform the thorough worshipping of Lord Vishnu. You can either worship His idol or Vishnu yantra.

Adhik Mas Vishnu Puja Mantra

The Bhagvad Gita reading is the most important aspect of the Vishnu Puja in the Adhik Maas. The main mantra of this puja is –

“Aum Bhoor Bhuwah Swaha,
Tat Savitur Varenyam
Bhargo Devasaya Dheemahi
Dhiyo Yo Naha Prachodayat.”

Apart from this main mantra, there are many other special paths that need to be recited in this month. And if you only recite this mantra without reciting the special quotes and the paths from the sacred religious Hindu scriptures and text, you will not be able to utilize the complete potential of this month. However, it is very important that you clean yourself properly before starting to recite these scriptures and the mantra.

What is the significance of the adhika masam?

The main significance of Adhik Maas is associated with spiritual enlightenment and deliverance from earthly sins. There are many situations, when people lose their wealth and health at various situations in their lives. And performing religious activities and ritualistic practices is a very common phenomenon amongst the devotees, in order to get deliverance from the troubles. That is the reason, why devotees always look for this month to come to occurrence.

This is because, Adhik Maas is a special time in which, if you perform the religious activities and rituals with devoted mind, you will find that there is no difficulty in your life any more. The month has the potential to bring blessings from the gods and goddesses, especially from Lord Vishnu, as the month is named after Him, the Purushottam Masa. All the lost belongings will come back to you if you keep fasts and perform havan, yagnya and homas in this month.

It is in this period, that you can get rid of all of your curses and sins that you have committed in this life or in your previous life or birth. And to attain this deliverance from the sins, you must perform daan. Daan is considered to be very auspicious in this period and holds special significance. If you perform this ritual of donating, you will be able to propitiate your past sins. It will bring you the blessings of the gods and goddesses and also the blessings of those, to whom you are offering something. The special reason or significance of this ritual is that you are able to get rid of your greed and demands for more, and are learning to stay happy with minimal belongings and wealth.

Not only this, there are quite some other significances of special rituals and religious activities performed in this month. One of them is the tantric puja. When you perform the tantric puja and also offer puja to the Vishnu Yantra, you will be able to get the blessings of Lord Vishnu. Always perform Vishnu puja to this month, dedicated and named after Lord Vishnu.

Importance of Vishnu Puja and Vishnu Yagya in Adhik Maas

As Vishnu puja is the most important aspect of this month, it must be followed religiously. No other festival or religious activity is observed in this month. But worshipping Lord Vishnu must accompany daan, jaap and yagya. Make sure that you pray only for deliverance from sins, and not for earthly gains.

As the month is named after Lord Vishnu and named as the Purushottam Maas, it is solely dedicated to eth worshipping of Lord Vishnu. According to the Hindu scriptures and ancient texts, this month was not considered to be important or legitimate and hence, no gods and goddesses approved of this month for the worshiping of themselves. However, taking pity on this female extra month, Lord Vishnu blessed her and assigned Himself to this month. Hence, in this month, it is only the worshiping or Lord Vishnu that takes place and nothing else.

One must wake up early in the morning, in the Brahma Muhurta that occurs in between 4 am to 6 am and clean himself or herself. After bathing, cleaning and ablutions, you have to place the Vishnu Yantra in front of you, or even the idols of Radha Krishna, or Laxmi and Narayan and then perform the shodashopachar puja. But performing only the puja and not following and observing other ritualistic practices is not at all welcome and it will ruin all the gains and blessing that you will draw upon yourself through this puja. Make sure to keep a fast and recite the scriptures to make use of the complete potential of this month.

Bhagavath  Katha in Adhik  maas why ?

Adhik Maas is known as Purushottam Maas and hence, in this month, reading the religious texts and sacred texts is a must. It is in this month that the worshipper must read and jaap the mantras from Bhagavad Gita. Listening to the words of Lord Vishnu that have been compiled in the Holy Hindu Text – Bhagavad Geeta will give you the knowledge of the basics of life and afterlife. This is the very basic purpose of this month. Performing the Adhik Maas puja will make sure that you can get rid of all of your past sins and repent and penance for those past sins.

May, 06 2015 07:38 pm