Navratri Day 1 – Shailputri Maha Puja
The first form of Ma durga among the nine incarnations is Shailputri. She is known by this name, because she was incarnated from Himalayas, known as the Emperor of mountains. Shailputri in her previous birth was born as a daughter of Daksha Prajapati. Her name was ‘Sati’ and in her next birth she born as a daughter to Himalaya and was named Parvati.
According to the Hindu legend Shiv Mahapuran, Devi Sati, the daughter of Prajapati Daksha was married to Lord Shiva or Mahadeva. However, King Daksha was not in the favour of this marriage. He organized Maha Yagya one day and invited all the Gods and deities in the yagya. But, Lord Shiva and Sati were not invited.
Hearing about this, Sati was deeply hurt and realized that her father did this to insult her husband Lord Shiva. She went to the yagya and scarified her body to the fire of the Yagna. This sight was too painful for Lord Shiva and he performed ‘Tandav Nritya’. He made himself isolated from everyone and went for penance for long eras. Without him the whole universe was in disorder. After several years, with the re-birth of Sati by the name Parvati at the home of King Himalaya, ray of hope was nurtured. Although, it was very difficult from Parvati to get Lord Shiva attention, as Mahadev lost himself in the densest of Sadhna.
Devi Shailputri is worshipped along with Mahadev, as she is the wife of Lord Shiva. She is also the mother of Kumar Kartikey and Lord Ganesha. As she is Prakriti, she looks after all living organisms including human beings, animals, shrubs, trees and plants including every tiny living things on Earth. She holds a lotus flower in her left hand and a trident in her right hand. A half-moon decorates her forehead. Parvati and Hemavati are other names of Goddess Shailputri. She rides on Vrishabha (bull) and because of that she is also known as Vrisharudha (वृषारूढ़ा).
Maa Shailputri is the goddess of the Muladhara Chakra and upon awakening this Shakti, one begins their journey to spiritual awakening and to their purpose in life. Without energizing the Muladhara Chakra one does not have enough power and strength to face the challenges of life. In Navratri puja, on the first day yogis keep their mind concentrated on Muladhara Chakra. This is the starting point of their spiritual discipline. Maa Shailputri rules the planet Mars and Ketu.
In summarized manner, origin of Goddess Shailputri was in the form of Goddess Parvati as the daughter of Lord Himalaya. In Sanskrit, Shail means mountain and because of this Goddess was known as Shailputri, the daughter of mountain. She is worshipped on the first day of Navratri.
Governing Planet – It is believed that Goddess Shailputri governs Moon, the provider of all fortunesand any malefic effect of the Moon can be overcome by worshipping this form of Adi Shakti.
Stuti – या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ शैलपुत्री रूपेण संस्थिता। नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम: ।।
Maa Shailputri Mantra
Vande Vanchhitalabhay chandrardhakritshekharam
Vrisharudham Shooldharam Shailputreem Yashasvineem
Ketu Mantra: Om Hreem Ketave Namah
Mangal Mantra: Om Hoom Shreem Mangalaya Namah